teahercircleclass

YEAR 7, YEAR 8 AND YEAR 9 CURRICULUM

 

Year 7

Year 7 English – Semester 1

Key Skills
Students learn to write in different styles and for different audiences. They study texts and think about the features of the language used in the text. They also participate in group discussion and present class talks where they provide evidence to justify their point of view.

Key knowledge
Students focus on the theme of identity, studying the novel Diary of a Wimpy Kid and preparing an autobiography. They are able to develop written and oral responses around the theme of identity.

Key understandings
Students develop an understanding of purpose, audience, themes and structure of different types of texts. They are able to develop their own interpretation of texts studied, supported by appropriate evidence.

Year 7 English – Semester 2

Key Skills
Students study a range of poetry, becoming familiar with a variety of forms, before writing their own poems. They gain an understanding of the features of newspapers. They also explore film characters, techniques and special effects.

Key knowledge
Students focus on identifying different poetic forms and the ways language is used in poetry. They compare different types of writing used in newspapers and how the choice of language or writing styles influences readers. They think about how films are made and how film makers present their message.

Key understanding
Students compare different types of literacy texts and understand that there are different styles of language, which are used in each type. They develop an appreciation of these and create their own texts.

Year 7 The Humanities

Key Knowledge
The Humanities involve the study of human societies and environments, people and their cultures in the past and the present. The Humanities provide a framework for developing in students the key ideas and concepts that enable them to understand the way in which people and societies have organised their world under particular conditions and made meaning of it.

Key Understandings
The Humanities provide unique ways to understand how and why groups of people have settled where they have, organised their societies, developed means of generating and distributing wealth, developed codes, laws and belief systems, related to other groups of people and interacted with their physical environment.

Key Skills
Students are encouraged to develop their use of research skills and inquiry processes. Students learn to plan an investigation and ask key questions. They question and analyse a range of data and sources including artefacts, photographs, maps, stories, special events, interviews, site visits and electronic media. They form conclusions supported by evidence and present information in a variety of ways.

Year level key focus areas: History / Geography
Year 7 – The Ancient World / Water in the World & Place and Liveability

Our curriculum follows the AusVELS as outlined by the department VCAA & ACARA guidelines.
http://ausvels.vcaa.vic.edu.au/The-Humanities/Overview/Introduction

Year 7 LOTE

Key Skills
Students starting to learn LOTE are required to develop language skills that can be used to talk about their present life. Topics include self-introduction, talking about family, greeting and farewelling the teacher, following simple classroom directions, repeating teacher-modelled use of the language, identifying the names of visible objects and items from aural/visual cues. They also learn to express their own preferences in the language and respond to questions. Other basic skills include learning numbers, age and telephone number.

Key Knowledge
Alongside learning new vocabulary, students study grammar structures necessary to verbally communicate in LOTE as well as in written form. Students gain an understanding of the geography of the country, customs, types of food eaten, culturally specific gestures, festivals and popular sports. Students learn to recognise some culturally specific gestures and body language, and demonstrate how these are used.

Key Understandings
Students learn that simple language is often tied up with a complex culture. Thus, intercultural understanding provides a context for language use that gives students the opportunity to compare with their own language and culture to that of the LOTE.

Year 7 Maths

Key Learning
Semester 1 –

In Semester One, students will explore positive integers, indices and primes, rational numbers, geometry, probability, decimals, percentages and algebra.

Key Skills –
Students are to learn topics that explore a variety of different areas. These topics include key skills that students need to take into their future studies and beyond. Many of the base skills learnt in the study of Mathematics can be applied directly to real life, whereas others are more indirectly related to real life. The topics studied this semester are designed to build the base skills in number patterns and numeracy. By the end of this semester students are expected to be able to perform basic and complex manipulation of numbers to solve problems involving algebra.

Key Knowledge –
Students are going to learn the base facts involved in the study of the topics covered this semester. They will be able to explore and use these base facts to answer both simple and complex problems. The topics covered will attempt to build on previous knowledge and also enhance student learning. The application of the knowledge developed through the student’s study of different topics should provide a solid foundation for further learning and appropriate application of processes.

Key Understandings –
The key understandings covered this semester includes describing patterns in uses of indices with whole numbers, recognising equivalences between fractions, decimals, percentages and ratios, plotting points on the Cartesian plane, identifying angles formed by a transversal crossing a pair of lines, and connecting the laws and properties of numbers to algebraic terms and expressions.

Semester 2 –

In Semester Two, students will explore measurement, positive and negative integers, linear equations, representing and interpreting data, co-ordinates and Cartesian planes, transformation, views of 3D shapes and money.

Key Skills –
Students again learn topics that explore a variety of different areas. These topics also include key skills that students need to take into their future studies and beyond. Many of the base skills learnt in the study of Mathematics in semester one are built upon and enhanced with an emphasis on application to real life situations. The topics studied this semester are designed to further build the base and more complex skills in number patterns and numeracy. By the end of this semester students are expected to be able to perform basic and more complex manipulation of numbers to solve problems involving algebra and graphical techniques.

Key Knowledge –
Students are once again going to learn techniques involved in the study of the topics covered this semester. They will be able to explore and use their knowledge to answer both simple and highly complex problems. The topics covered will build upon previous knowledge and also enhance student learning through exposure to new ideas and Mathematical approaches to problems. The application of the knowledge developed through the student’s study of different topics should provide a solid foundation for further learning and appropriate application of more varied processes.

Key Understandings –
The key understandings covered this semester includes enhancing student understanding of patterns in plotting points on the Cartesian plane to produce linear graphs as well as identifying angles and side lengths formed in 3D shapes. Students will continue to attempt to connect the laws and properties of numbers to algebraic terms and expressions.

Year 7 Science

Key Learning
Semester 1 –

This semester students will develop the basic scientific skills and concepts in Physics, Earth Science and Biology. Students will learn the skills required to be an active member of the scientific community. Throughout the semester students will complete scientific reports on the practical activities carried out in class, research projects on topics of interest, complete a workbook outlining tasks undertaken and carry out chapter tests.

Key Skills –
Students will learn the skills to observe, record, report and analyse data effectively. Students will also be able to classify using hierarchical systems.

Key Knowledge –
Students will be able to explore how gravity affects objects on the surface of the Earth. Students will be able to compare renewable and non-renewable energy sources, including how they are used in a range of situations.

Key Understandings –
Students will be able to investigate the effects of applying different forces to familiar objects. Students will be able to consider what is meant by the term ‘renewable’ in relation to the Earth’s resources

Semester 2 –

This semester students will continue to develop their basic scientific skills and concepts in Chemistry, Physics, Space and Biology. Throughout the semester students will complete scientific reports on the practical activities carried out in class, -research projects on topics of interest, complete a workbook outlining tasks undertaken and carry out chapter tests.

Key Skills –
Students will develop their skills to observe record, report and analyse data effectively. Students will investigate and use a range of physical separation techniques. Students will construct and interpret food webs. Students will investigate the rotations and orbits of the Earth, sun and moon.

Key Knowledge –
Students will identify the differences between pure substances and mixtures. Students will explain why different regions of the Earth experience different seasonal conditions

Key Understandings –
Students will explore how living things can cause changes to their environment and impact other living things.

Year 7 Physical Education

In Year 7 Physical Education, students are provided with the opportunity to develop their fitness level and fundamental motor skills through participation in a variety of recreational and competitive sporting situations including volleyball, racquet sports, footballs, cricket, hockey, T-ball, basketball, netball, athletics, fitness and swimming. Students will also develop essential life skills and social skills such as team work, cooperation and sportsmanship while engaging in problem solving situations.

Key Skills –
Students will develop fundamental motor skills, hand-eye coordination, decision-making skills, the ability to work in team and to solve problems individually or as a group

Key Knowledge –
Students will learn about the different components of fitness, the benefits of physical activity and how to safely engage in physical activity. They will also learn about the fundamental rules of a variety of sports

Key Understandings –
Students will start to develop an understanding of essential sports principles when attacking, defending, as a ball carrier or a support player. They will also be introduced to the concepts of tactics and strategies and how these can be used to outplay the opposition

Year 7 Health Education

In Year 7 Health Education, students investigate the concept of self and explore adolescence and puberty including the physical, social and emotional changes occurring during this stage of the lifespan. Students also examine the different components of health and the essential elements of a healthy lifestyle such as healthy eating habits and healthy relationships. Students will gain an understanding of risk taking behaviours, including bullying/cyber-bullying, sun exposure and smoking and will learn how to develop strategies to minimise these risks.

Semester 1:
Key Skills –
Students will learn to identify the different dimensions of health and to assess their own health status. They will learn to recognise risk taking behaviours and to develop strategies to minimize these risks. Students will also develop problem solving skills while working individually or collaboratively in groups

Key Knowledge –
Students will learn about the different components of health, the risks related to sun exposure and the physical, social and emotional changes occurring during puberty

Key Understandings –
Students will gain an understanding of the risks associated with certain behaviours. They will develop an understanding of harm minimization strategies and places where they can find help and support

Semester 2:
Key Skills –
Students will develop some of the skills essential to good relationships such as good communication and active listening. They will learn to recognise bullying behaviour and how to respond to it. They will learn to identify and classify drugs. Students will also learn to distinguish various food groups and to create a healthy daily meal planner

Key Knowledge –
Students will learn about the different types of relationships. They will learn about bullying and its negative effects. They will also study drug education with a focus on smoking and will be introduced to healthy eating habits

Key Understandings –
Students will gain an understanding of the importance of healthy relationships in building a strong sense of self and sense of belonging. They will develop an understanding of the risks associated with smoking and the importance of a healthy diet in life

Year 7 Arts and Design Technologies

In Year 7, students in the Arts and Design Technology areas will spend a rotation semester, where they will experience practical knowledge and skills development, and embrace some creativity across the full spectrum of their learning. The Design Technologies, ( Food Technology, Product Design Wood and Textiles), involves  creativity, critical thinking and planning. Whilst the Arts stream, ( Art 2D, Art 3D, Visual Communication, Music and Drama), allows students to independently and collaboratively experiment, conceptualize, reflect, refine, present, perform, communicate and evaluate, across various Art forms.

Key Skills:

Students will develop some of the key skills in the Arts and Design areas that focus on critical thinking, practical knowledge, ICT and design understanding.  Students will also further develop the ability for planning, organizing, thinking flexibly, communicating and collaborating with others to develop creative and innovative solutions, using a range of materials, processes and equipment.

Key Understandings:

Students will gain an understanding of the importance of Design , Creating , Making, and Evaluation as part of their time in the Arts and Design Technology areas. They will also develop an understanding of the importance of Design in creating and producing a range of final products. Students will also learn to explore possibilities across diverse art areas, solve problems, experiment with techniques, materials and technologies, and ask probing questions when making decisions and interpreting meaning.

Year 8

Year 8 English – Semester 1

Key skills
Students study a film text and complete a range of tasks showing their understanding of cinematic techniques. They also focus on environmental issues, developing a point of view, which is demonstrated in a range of written tasks.

Key knowledge
Students continue to develop their knowledge of written and spoken language. They gain an understanding of environmental issues and consider their own opinions. They also learn about film techniques such as animation.

Key understanding
Students understand the importance of appropriate language selection in different text types. They show an understanding of use of evidence to support their points of view in written and oral presentation.

Year 8 English – Semester 2

Key skills
Students study a variety of texts that have a fantasy theme. They compare and analyse cultural, social and historical aspects of fantasy. They continue to develop an understanding of, and interest in, fiction through wider reading.

Key knowledge
Students are able to recognise and use the structure and language features of fantasy. They are able to share, reflect and evaluate opinions and arguments about literary texts.

Key understanding
Students understand that authors use language in a variety of ways to influence readers’ reactions and opinions.

Year 8 The Humanities

Key Knowledge
The Humanities involve the study of human societies and environments, people and their cultures in the past and the present. The Humanities provide a framework for developing in students the key ideas and concepts that enable them to understand the way in which people and societies have organised their world under particular conditions and made meaning of it.

Key Understandings
The Humanities provide unique ways to understand how and why groups of people have settled where they have, organised their societies, developed means of generating and distributing wealth, developed codes, laws and belief systems, related to other groups of people and interacted with their physical environment.

Key Skills
Students are encouraged to develop their use of research skills and inquiry processes. Students learn to plan an investigation and ask key questions. They question and analyse a range of data and sources including artefacts, photographs, maps, stories, special events, interviews, site visits and electronic media. They form conclusions supported by evidence and present information in a variety of ways.

Year level key focus areas: History / Geography
Year 8 – The Ancient to the Medieval World / Landforms and Landscapes & Changing Nations

Our curriculum follows the AusVELS as outlined by the department VCAA & ACARA guidelines.
http://ausvels.vcaa.vic.edu.au/The-Humanities/Overview/Introduction

Year 8 LOTE

Key Skills
Students in their second year of LOTE continue to build skills in the four areas of reading, writing, speaking and listening. Topics include school life, time, hobbies, the body, calendar and cultural events held throughout the year. Students learn to perform role-plays and research and present projects using ICT on various topics.

Key Knowledge
Students continually expand their vocabulary and learn more complex grammar structures, including how to form different tense.

Key Understandings
Learning involves purposeful, active engagement in interpreting and creating meaning in interaction with others, and continuously reflecting on one’s self and others in communication. Students develop a deeper understanding when learning becomes more than absorption of facts, but is internalised through thoughts, feelings and experiences.

Victorian students are required to learn a LOTE in Years 7 and 8. Language learning is a sequential and cumulative process that:
• Repeat teacher-modelled use of the language
• Participate in choral use of the language
• Identify the names of visible objects and items from aural/visual cues
• Follow simple classroom directions
• Recognise some culturally-specific gestures and body language, and demonstrate how these are used
• Observe the process of interpreting and perform some of its simple features using single words or phrases.
• Notice and discuss the different writing system, and practise writing selected letters, characters or other symbols
• Recognise characters associated with specific concrete items and their different sounds, matching symbols to meanings and forms
• Trace or copy selected characters
• Demonstrate an understanding of some of the differences in how people eat and dress, sign and gesture, write and say things
• Identify some of the relationships between selected letters, sounds or tones in the language compared to English or other familiar languages
• Identify a cultural icon, geographic feature, famous building or cultural practice and make a simple statement about it in the language
• Display an awareness of different ways of doing things in particular situations
• Express their own preferences in the language, or by responding to cues given in the language.

Year 8 Maths

Key Learning
Semester 1 –
In Semester One, students will explore numeracy, integers, index laws, real numbers, measurement, percentages, statistics and ratios and rates.

Key Skills –
Students are to learn topics that explore a variety of different areas. These topics include key skills that students need to take into their future studies and beyond. Many of the base skills learnt in the study of Mathematics can once again be applied directly to real life, whereas others are more indirectly related to real life. The topics studied this semester are designed to build the base skills in numeracy, number facts, measurement, percentages, statistics and ratios and rates. By the end of this semester students are expected to be able to perform basic and complex manipulation of numbers to solve problems involving algebra.

Key Knowledge –
Students are going to learn more facts involved in the study of the topics covered this semester. They will be able to explore and use these enhanced facts to answer both simple and complex problems. The topics covered will attempt to build on previous knowledge and also enhance student learning beyond previous levels. The application of the knowledge developed through the student’s study of different topics should provide a solid foundation for further learning and appropriate application of processes in working mathematically.

Key Understandings –
The key understandings covered this semester includes describing patterns in uses of indices with whole numbers, recognising and using percentages and ratios, collecting and using data statistically and further developing their understanding of the approaches taken in solving more complex problems in geometry. Students will also develop their understanding of the rules and processes linking numbers to algebraic terms and expressions.

Semester 2 –

In Semester 2, students will explore algebra, linear equations, co-ordinate geometry, congruence and transformations and probability. Students will also be taught to do problems of a higher level of complexity to those that they have previously attempted.

Key Skills –
Students again learn topics that explore a variety of different areas as outlined above. These topics will include key skills that students need to take into their future studies and beyond. Many of the base skills learnt in the study of Mathematics in semester one are built upon and enhanced with an emphasis on application to real life situations. The topics studied this semester are designed to further build the base and more complex skills in number patterns, numeracy, probability, linear graphs and geometry. By the end of this semester students are expected to be able to perform both basic and more complex manipulation of numbers to solve problems involving algebra and graphical techniques.

Key Knowledge –
Students are once again going to learn mathematical techniques involved in the study of the topics covered this semester. They will be able to explore and use their knowledge to answer both simple and highly complex problems. The topics covered will build upon previous knowledge and also enhance student learning through exposure to new ideas and Mathematical approaches to problems. The application of the knowledge developed through the student’s study of different topics should provide a solid foundation for further learning and appropriate application of more varied mathematical processes.

Key Understandings –
The key understandings covered this semester includes enhancing student understanding of patterns in plotting points on the Cartesian plane to produce linear graphs as well as identifying angles and side lengths formed in 3D shapes. Students will continue to attempt to connect the laws and properties of numbers to algebraic terms and expressions.

Year 8 Science

Key Learning
Semester 1 –
This semester students will develop their scientific skills and concepts in Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Students will further develop the skills required to be an active member of the scientific community. Throughout the semester students will complete scientific reports on the practical activities carried out in class, research projects on topics of interest, complete a workbook outlining tasks undertaken and carry out chapter tests.

Key Skills –
Students will learn the skills to observe, record, report and analyse data effectively. Students will be able to examine a variety of cells using a light microscope and distinguish plant cells from animal or fungal cells. Students will be able to locate elements on the periodic table.

Key Knowledge –
Students can identify structures within cells and describe their function. Students will model the arrangement of particles in solids, liquids and gases. Students will investigate different forms of energy in terms of the effects they cause.

Key Understandings –
Students will use the particle model to explain observed phenomena linking the energy of particles to temperature changes. Students will model the arrangement of particles in elements and compounds. Students will use flow diagrams to illustrate changes between different forms of energy.

Semester 2 –
This semester students will continue to develop their scientific skills and concepts in Chemistry, Environmental Science and Biology. Throughout the semester students will complete scientific reports on the practical activities carried out in class, research projects on topics of interest, complete a workbook outlining tasks undertaken and carry out chapter tests.

Key Skills –
Students will develop their skills to observe record, report and analyse data effectively. Students will identify the differences between chemical and physical changes. Students, using a key based on observable physical and chemical properties, will be able to identify a range of common rock types. Students will be able to identify the organs and overall function of a system of a multicellular organism in supporting the life processes

Key Knowledge –
Students will be able to describe the structure of each organ in a system. Students will identify evidence that a chemical change has taken place in a reaction.

Key Understandings –
Students will be able to compare similar systems in different organisms. Students will represent the stages in the formation of igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks. Students will examine the specialised cells and tissues involved in structure and function of particular organs.

Year 8 Physical Education

In Year 8 Physical Education, students are provided with the opportunity to continue to improve their fitness level and to refine fundamental motor skills through participation in a variety of recreational and competitive sporting situations including volleyball, racquet sports, footballs, cricket, hockey, softball, baseball, basketball, netball, athletics, fitness and swimming. Students will continue to develop essential life skills and social skills such as team work, cooperation and sportsmanship.

Key Skills –
Students will refine their fundamental motor skills and manipulative skills. They will further develop hand-eye coordination, decision-making skills, the ability to work in team and to solve problems individually or as a group

Key Knowledge –
Students will start to learn how to train various components of fitness. They will continue to learn the rules of a variety of sports and start umpiring their own games. They will start to lead warm ups and will have to demonstrate that they can participate safely in physical activity

Key Understandings –
Students will further develop their understanding of game principles when attacking and defending. They will gain a greater understanding of tactics and strategies and how these can be used to outplay the opposition

Year 8 Health Education

In Year 8 Health Education, students will continue to investigate the importance of a healthy lifestyle. They will examine in greater depth the negative effects of bullying, how it links to mental health and the importance of resilience. Students will develop an understanding of the risks associated with alcohol consumption and will investigate the effects of unhealthy eating habits. They will also learn about the male and female reproductive systems and will be introduced to the notions of contraception and Sexually Transmitted Infections.

Semester 1:
Key Skills –
Students will learn to recognise bullying behaviour and how to respond appropriately to it. They will learn to identify professionals and agencies which can provide support with bullying and mental health issues

Key Knowledge –
Students will extend their knowledge of the various components of health and health determinants (social, behavioural, biological). They will also learn about the effects of bullying and cyber-bullying on people’s mental and social health

Key Understandings –
Students will further develop their understanding of the factors determining people’s health status. They will also gain an understanding of the various roles, rights and responsibilities within relationships

Semester 2:
Key Skills –
Students will develop harm minimization strategies relative to tobacco and alcohol use. They will also learn to record, analyse and assess their dietary habits

Key Knowledge –
Students will learn about the negative effects of alcohol, the reasons and the legalities of alcohol consumption. The male and female reproductive systems, reproduction, different contraception methods and ways to protect from Sexually Transmitted diseases

Key Understandings –
Students will gain a deeper understanding of drugs classifications and the negative effect of alcohol. The will further develop their understanding of reproduction, conception, contraception and safe sexual practices. They will investigate further nutrition needs at various stages of the lifespan.

Year 8 Arts and Design Technologies

In Year 8, students in the Arts and Design Technology areas will continue to spend a rotation semester, where they will experience practical knowledge and skills development, and embrace some creativity across the full spectrum of their learning. The Design Technologies, ( Food Technology, Product Design Wood and Textiles), involves  creativity, critical thinking and planning. Whilst the Arts stream, ( Art 2D, Art 3D, Visual Communication, Music and Drama), allows students to independently and collaboratively experiment, conceptualize, reflect, refine, present, perform, communicate and evaluate, across various Art forms.

Key Skills:

Students will continue to develop some of the key skills in the Arts and Design areas that focus on critical thinking, practical knowledge, ICT and design understanding.  Students will also further develop the ability for planning, organizing, thinking flexibly, communicating and collaborating with others to develop creative and innovative solutions, using a range of materials, processes and equipment.

Key Understandings:

Students will gain a deeper understanding of the importance of Design , Creating , Making, and Evaluation as part of their time in the Arts and Design Technology areas. They will also further develop an better understanding of the importance of Design in creating and producing a range of final products. Students will also learn to challenge their thinking while they explore possibilities across diverse art areas, solve problems, experiment with techniques, materials and technologies, and ask probing questions when making decisions and interpreting meaning.

 

 

Year 9

Year 9 English – Semester 1

Key skills
Students explore a wide range of texts on the theme of “journeys” and create their own individual responses to the theme. They also study the text Rabbit Proof Fence and consider how the film maker uses symbols and images to develop meaning.

Key Knowledge
Students are able to compare texts on the topic of journeys and consider how the writers use structures and language for purpose and effect. Students consolidate their knowledge of cinematography and utilise these in written responses.

Key Understandings
Students are able to develop a personal understanding of the world and their individual pathways. They continue to develop their ability to analyse cinematic techniques and identify how filmmakers present a point of view.

Year 9 English – Semester 2

Key skills
Students analyse a variety of written and visual texts and consider the message the writer is attempting to convey. They continue to study a range of literature and investigate literary style and language techniques.

Key Knowledge
Students are able to identify language techniques designed to persuade. They think about how authors construct meaning and compare different text types.

Key Understanding
Students understand that roles and relationships are developed and challenged through language and interpersonal skills. They reflect on and explore notions of literary value.

Year 9 The Humanities

Key Knowledge
The Humanities involve the study of human societies and environments, people and their cultures in the past and the present. The Humanities provide a framework for developing in students the key ideas and concepts that enable them to understand the way in which people and societies have organised their world under particular conditions and made meaning of it.

Key Understandings
The Humanities provide unique ways to understand how and why groups of people have settled where they have, organised their societies, developed means of generating and distributing wealth, developed codes, laws and belief systems, related to other groups of people and interacted with their physical environment.

Key Skills
Students are encouraged to develop their use of research skills and inquiry processes. Students learn to plan an investigation and ask key questions. They question and analyse a range of data and sources including artefacts, photographs, maps, stories, special events, interviews, site visits and electronic media. They form conclusions supported by evidence and present information in a variety of ways.

Year level key focus areas: History / Geography
Year 9 – The Making of the Modern World / Biomes and Food Security & Global connections

Our curriculum follows the AusVELS as outlined by the department VCAA & ACARA guidelines.
http://ausvels.vcaa.vic.edu.au/The-Humanities/Overview/Introduction

Year 9 Maths

Key Learning
Semester 1 –

In Semester One, students will explore numeracy, number skills, algebra, linear equations, probability, congruence and similarity, Pythagoras and trigonometry, linear and non-linear graphs and basic indices.

Key Skills –
Students are to learn topics that explore the topics indicated above. These topics include key skills that students need to take into their future studies and beyond. Many of the base skills learnt in the study of Mathematics can be applied directly to real life, whereas others are more indirectly related to real life. The topics studied this semester are designed to build the base skills in number patterns, numeracy, algebra, equations, graphs, Pythagoras and trigonometry and geometry. By the end of this semester students are expected to be able to perform basic and complex manipulation of numbers to solve problems involving algebra and it’s applications.

Key Knowledge –
Students are going to learn the base and complex techniques involved in the study of the topics covered this semester. They will be able to explore and use these facts to answer both simple and complex problems. The topics covered will attempt to build on previous knowledge and also enhance student learning. The application of the knowledge developed through the student’s study of different topics should provide a solid foundation for further learning and appropriate application of processes. The skills learnt will also lead more directly into those required at VCE level.

Key Understandings –
The key understandings covered this semester includes describing patterns in uses of indices with whole numbers, plotting points on the Cartesian plane, sketching linear and non-linear graphs, applying probability theory to modelled situations, using congruence and similarity in real life situations, applying Pythagoras and trigonometry to modelled and real life problems and applications and explaining the properties of algebraic terms and expressions in modelled situations.

Semester 2

In Semester Two, students will explore Measurement, Linear Graphs, Financial arithmetic, Statistics, Indices, Functions, Quadratic Algebra, Quadratic Functions and Proportions and Rates.

Key Skills –
Students again learn topics that explore a variety of different skills. The topics studied include key skills that students need to take into their future studies and into the real world. Many of the base skills learnt in the study of Mathematics in semester one are built upon and enhanced with further emphasis on application to real life situations. The topics studied this semester are designed to enhance the base and more complex skills in number patterns, numeracy, measurement, linear graphing, financial awareness, statistics, indices, non-linear graphing and proportions and rates. By the end of this semester students are expected to be able to perform complex manipulation of numbers to solve problems involving algebra and graphical techniques using the skills learnt throughout the semester.

Key Knowledge –
Students are once again going to learn techniques and learn facts involved in the study of the topics covered this semester. They will be able to explore and use their knowledge to answer more complex problems. The topics covered will build upon previous knowledge and also enhance student learning through exposure to new ideas and Mathematical approaches to problems. The application of the knowledge developed through the student’s study of different topics should provide a solid foundation for further learning and appropriate application of more varied processes. A particular emphasis will be on preparation for the student’s transitional knowledge into senior school mathematics study.

Key Understandings –
The key understandings covered this semester includes enhancing student understanding of the Cartesian plane and graphing as well as applying the correct theory or equation to a given situation or problem. Students will continue to attempt to connect the laws and properties of numbers to algebraic terms and expressions used in Measurement, Linear Graphs, Financial arithmetic, Statistics, Indices, Functions, Quadratic Algebra, Quadratic Functions and Proportions and Rates.

Year 9 Science

Key Learning
Semester 1 –
This course will emphasize the development of basic scientific skills and concepts in Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Students will learn the skills required to be an active member of the scientific community. Throughout the semester students will complete scientific reports on the practical activities carried out in class, research projects on topics of interest, complete a workbook outlining tasks undertaken and carry out chapter tests.

Key Skills –
Students will learn the skills to observe, record, report and analyse data effectively. Students will also be able to describe in simple terms how alpha and beta particles and gamma radiation are released from unstable atoms.

Key Knowledge –
Students will be able to describe how the requirements for life are provided through the coordinated function of body systems. Students will explore the properties of waves, and situations where energy is transferred in the form of waves. Students will investigate the effects on humans of exposure to electromagnetic radiations

Key Understandings –
Using models, flow diagrams or simulations, students will be able to explain how body systems work together to maintain a functioning body. Students will be able to describe and modelling the structure of atoms in terms of the nucleus, protons, neutrons and electrons. Students will explore how and why the movement of energy varies according to the medium through which it is transferred. Students will be able to understand the processes underlying convection and conduction in terms of the particle model

Semester 2 –
This semester students will further develop their scientific skills and concepts in Chemistry, Physics and Biology. Throughout the semester students will complete scientific reports on the practical activities carried out in class, -research projects on topics of interest, complete a workbook outlining tasks undertaken and carry out chapter tests.

Key Skills –

Students will develop their skills to observe record, report and analyse data effectively. Students will investigate reactions of acids with metals, bases, and carbonates and identify the reactants and products in a chemical reaction. Students will be able to write balanced chemical equations. Students will describe how energy flows through an ecosystem.

Key Knowledge –

Students will explore interactions between organisms such as predator/prey, parasites, competitors, pollinators and disease. Students will model chemical reactions in terms of rearrangement of atoms and describe how the products of combustion reactions affect the environment.

Key Understandings –
Students will be able to understand the processes underlying convection and conduction in terms of the particle model. Students will examine factors that affect population sizes such as seasonal changes, destruction of habitats, introduced species. Students will investigate factors that affect the transfer of energy through an electric circuit.

Year 9 Physical Education and Health Education

In Year 9 Physical Education, students will continue to participate in physical activity to improve or maintain their fitness level and motor skills and will start to develop peer teaching skills and the ability to conduct tournaments in a variety of sports including racquet sports, volleyball, basketball, netball, footballs and some activities of their choice.

Key Skills –
Becoming autonomous learners when practicing and refining motor skills. Developing decision-making skills and the ability to organise sporting tournament (umpiring, scoring, time keeping, setting up equipment, convening the tournament). Developing peer teaching skills and the ability to give constructive feedback

Key Knowledge –
Students will learn how to conduct a warm up, set up skill development drills and provide effective feedback to their peers. They will start learning how to create and follow a draw to organise a tournament. They will extend their knowledge of the rules of different sports and umpire games

Key Understandings –
Students will develop an understanding of effective motor skills development practices. They will also extend their understanding of tactics and strategies in a variety of sports

In Health Education, students investigate the following topics: mental health, cyber-bullying and sexting, illegal drugs with a focus on marijuana, and growth and development with a focus on rights and responsibilities in sexual relationships.

Key Skills –
Being able to recognise when a close friend, a family member or oneself might require some support and be able to direct them to the right professionals and agencies. Using ICT tools appropriately and safely to avoid being victim of cyber bullying. Develop safe and healthy practices in relation to drug use and sexual relationships

Key Knowledge –
Student will learn about the different types of mental illness (psychotic and non-psychotic), their symptoms and treatments. They will extend their knowledge of illegal drugs and their negative effects with a specific focus on marijuana. They will learn about the various methods of contraception, their cost, advantage and inconvenient. They will also learn about the most prevalent STI’s, their signs, symptoms and treatment and the legalities of being involved in a sexual relationship with someone else

Key Understandings –
Students will develop an understanding of specific mental illness such as depression, anxiety, eating disorders and body image issues. They will investigate the negative effects and legalities of marijuana consumption and develop an understanding of the rights and responsibilities when involved in a sexual relationship

Dandenong High School